American Journal of Energy Engineering

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Numerical, Modeling of a Solar Cooker of Box Type to Solar Concentrator

A numerical computer code simulating the operation of a solar cooker of box type to solar concentrator was established. The computer code was used to study the effect of the thermal performance of the cooker. The aim of this work is to present a mathematical model of this solar cooker model in comparison with other models, and to analyze the various parameters that influence the cooker's thermal performance. The equations governing heat transfer in this solar cooker are deduced from the analogy between heat transfer and electrical transfer. These equations are discretized and solved by an implicit finite-difference method, using Gauss' algorithm coupled with an iterative procedure. he results show that an optimum solar flux of 900W/m² was used to determine the various optimum parameters. We deduce that the mirror is a good reflector, and for optimal dimensions of the parallelepiped enclosure [60cm*50cm*50cm], the thermal efficiency of the cooker varies from 42 to 45%. The influence of different pot wall materials shows that copper is a good conductor, and the influence of pot wall dimensions shows that a thin wall (3mm) increases thermal conductivity.

Model, Numerical, Solar Cooker, Solar Concentrator

APA Style

Gbembongo, T. S., Barandja, V. D. D. B., Kenza, E. B. (2024). Numerical, Modeling of a Solar Cooker of Box Type to Solar Concentrator. American Journal of Energy Engineering, 12(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.11

ACS Style

Gbembongo, T. S.; Barandja, V. D. D. B.; Kenza, E. B. Numerical, Modeling of a Solar Cooker of Box Type to Solar Concentrator. Am. J. Energy Eng. 2024, 12(1), 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.11

AMA Style

Gbembongo TS, Barandja VDDB, Kenza EB. Numerical, Modeling of a Solar Cooker of Box Type to Solar Concentrator. Am J Energy Eng. 2024;12(1):1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.11

Copyright © 2024 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Atlas de la République Centrafricaine 2010 Site Web: https://www.se4all-africa.org/fileadmin/uploads/se4all/Documents/Country_RAGAs/Central_African_Republic_RAGA_FR_Released.pdf
2. Luc Marboua Bara, «estimation du gisement solaire de la République centrafricaine et possibilité d’application», 2003.
3. Saint George Utah 84791-0756, "Solar cooker At Cantina west," 2008-2014. [In ligne]. Available: http://www.solarcooker-At-cantinawest.com/solarcooking-history. [Consulted on August 13, 2015].
4. Solar David Anderson, Document, "Cookers: how to build, employ and appreciate, "Solar Cooker International (SCI), California, the USA, 2004.
5. Harmim “Mathematical modeling of a box-type solar cooker employing an asymmetric compound parabolic concentrator”Solar Energy 86(2012) 1673–1682.
6. José M. Arenas, Design, development and testing of a portable parabolic 2. solar kitchen march 2006.
7. Judith «Multiple use communal solar cookers» Solar Energy 77(2004) 217–223.
8. Pohekar S. D, “Utility assessment of parabolic solar cooker as adomestic cooking device in India” Renewable Energy 31(2006) 1827–1838.
9. Fraser P. “Stirling dish system performance and prediction model. MSc thesis inmechanical engineering”. Madison, USA: University of Wisconsin; 2008.
10. Rabl A. “Solar concentrators with maximal concentration for cylindrical absorbers”. Applied Optics1976; 15(7): 1871–3.
11. Mohamed, “Parabolic solar cooker with automatic system tracking two axis”AppliedEenergy 87(2010) 463-470.
12. Kumar S, Reddy N.”Numerical investigation of natural convection heat loss in modified cavity receiver for fuzzy focal solar dish concentrator”. J Solar Energy 2007; 81: 846–55.
13. Ali A., Portable solar cooker and water heater, Energy Conversion and Management 51(2010) 1605-1609.
14. S. Marzougui, M. Bouabid, F. Mebarek-Oudina, N. Abu-Hamdeh, M. Magherbi, and K. Ramesh, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow 31, 2197 (2021).
15. A. Gama «Etude et réalisation d’un concentrateur cylindro parabolique avec poursuite solaire aveugle» Revue des Energies RenouvelablesVol. 11 N°3(2008) 437–451 437.
16. Y. Boukhchana «Theoretical and Experimental Study of a Cylindro-Parabolic Solar Collector» Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, 5(2011) 1026-1030.
17. Yasmina Boukhchana «Etudes théorique et expérimentale des performances d’un capteur solaire cylindro- parabolique», (5èCongrès International Energie Renouvelable et Environnement).
18. E. Sharaf «A new design for an economical, efficient, conical solar Cooker» Renewable Energy, vol. 27, P599-619, 2002.
19. Yacine Marif, «étude comparative entre les modes de poursuite solaire d’un concentrateur solaire cylindro-parabolique», annales des sciences et technologies vol, 6 N°2 2014.
20. Al-Soud M. S, «A parabolic solar cooker with automatic two axes sun tracking system,» Applied Energy, vol. 87, p. 463–470, 2010.
21. KlemensSchwarzer, “Characterisation and design methods of solar cookers”, Solar Energy 82(2008) 157–163.
22. Olwi, A. “Computer simulation of the solar pressure cooker. Solar Energy” 40(3), 259–268. 1988.
23. Peajack, E. R., 1991. “Mathematical model of the thermal performance of box-type solar cookers”. Renewable Energy 1(5/6), 609–615.
24. Soriaverdugo« Experimental analysis and simulation of the performance of a box-type solar cooker»Energy for Sustainable Development 29(2015) 65–71.
25. El-Sebaii AA. “Thermal performance of a box type solar cooker with outer-inner reflectors”. Energy 1997; 22: 969–78.
26. Kawthar Dhif, “Thermal Analysis of the Solar Collector Cum Storage System Using a Hybrid-Nanofluids” Journal of Nanofluids Vol. 10, pp. 616–626, 2021 (www.aspbs.com/jon).
27. Garg HP, “Mathematical modeling of the performance of a solar cooker”. Appl Energy 1983; 14: 233–9.
28. Binark AK,” Modelling of a hot box solar cooker. Energy Conv Manage” 1996; 37: 303–10.
29. Ibrahim “Computer Simulation of the Solar Pressure Cooker” Solar Energy Vol. 40 N°3 PP259-268, 1988.
30. M. Patel “Mathematical modeling hading to a solar cooker design” Proc. National Solar Energy Convention India January, 22-24. 3.036-3.040 (1981) lar Energy THE SOLARRESSURE
31. Reddy “Prediction and experimental verification of performance of box type solar cooker. Part II: Cooking vessel with depressed lid”.
32. Sunil “Sunil Geddam, Determination of thermal performance of a box type solar cooker,” Solar Energy 113(2015) 324-331.
33. Mirdha “Design optimization of solar cooker” Renewable Energy 33(2008) 530–544.